Hammertoes occurs when the tendons and ligaments around the toes become contracted and the toes take on a “claw-like” appearance. The problem is aggravated when the toes come in contact with the top of a shoe causing “corns” to form on the tops of the toes. In severe cases, a callus can also form at the end of one or more toes. 

This condition is a deformity in which a toe bends downward at the middle joint. The second toe is the one most likely to be affected, but this deformity can occur in other toes as well. Sometimes, more than one toe is affected.

The ball of your foot absorbs a lot of stress when you run and jump. It can become injured and sore. We call this pain "metatarsalgia." The pain can keep you from exercising and from playing sports. And it can be a problem for active people.

Causes of Hammertoe

  • Shoes that are too small and cause the toe to bend.
  • Callus and Corns
  • Aging and sex (woman are more likely to get hammertoe)
  • Injury to the toe
  • Genetics and toe length 

Symptoms of Hammertoe

Some of the most common symptoms are

  • Corns and calluses
  • Pain and inflammation on the affected toe. 
  • Bending of toe


  • Wear proper-fitting shoes
  • Take care of corn or callus
  • Foot exercises
  • Surgery

Hammertoe Surgery

The most common method of correction at Laser Foot Surgery Center is as follows:

The tendon (muscle attachments) on the top and bottom of the toe are “lengthened.” Then, using a special drill, a small cut is made across one of the joints and/or the bones in the toe, allowing the joint to be realigned straightening the toe. 

In-Office Surgery

Hammertoes can be corrected right in the office.

The patient feels more comfortable being in a familiar environment and don’t have to show up hours before surgery. Patients receive light sedation and local anesthesia is administered. The procedure lasts 30-45 mins. This saves patients thousands of dollars by avoiding unnecessary expensive hospital bills.


After these procedures are performed, it is usually necessary for the patient to wear a post-surgical shoe for one to two weeks.